Wifredo Lam: Mix-Master, Modern Artist At the end of his life, the celebrated painter, draftsman, and sculptorWifredo Lam (Cuban, 1902–1982) was asked to reflect upon why he painted. Inspired by and in contact with some of the most renowned artists of the 20th century, Lam melded his influences and created a unique style, which was ultimately characterized by the prominence of hybrid figures. Il est l’élève des peintres Leopoldo Romañach et Armando Menocal. Wilfredo Lam - Art authentication research and investigation experts.- La autenticación, del arte, dibujos y pinturas de Wilfredo Lam - Identification of fakes, forgeries and misattributions . Il apprend auprès d’elle les rudiments du culte et de ses mystères, sans jamais être initié. Il s'installe définitivement à Cuba, dans la ville de Sagua la Grande où il tient commerce et, homme lettré connaissant de nombreux dialectes cantonais, exerce la profession d'écrivain public pour les émigrants chinois. Proche de Picasso, des surréalistes qui le reconnaissent comme l’un des leurs, il côtoiera également les Imaginistes, Phases, CoBrA. Wifredo Lam (Cuban, 1902–1982) was a Cuban-born painter, draughtsman, and sculptor, born to a Chinese father and Afro-Cuban mother. A major early 20th-century painter, Wifredo Lam fused elements of Cubism and Surrealism with African culture in paintings that were exhibited alongside those of Pablo Picasso and other Cubists and Fauvists. Paintings from the 30's. Ceci fait partie de l'article Wikipédia utilisé sous licence CC-BY-SA. A major early 20th-century painter, Wifredo Lam fused elements of Cubism and Surrealism with African culture in paintings that were exhibited alongside those of Pablo Picasso and other Cubists and Fauvists. » Il a inventé un langage propre, unique et original, pour « défendre la dignité de la vie[2]. Manolo gave Lam the letter of introduction that sparked his friendship with Picasso, whose artwork had impressed and inspired Lam a year before when he saw an exhibition in Madrid. Oil On Canvas Vintage Art Artist Art Cuban Art Visual Artist Western Art African Art Painting. Cuban, 1902–1982. Lam’s Cuban paintings of the 1940s are much bigger than his earlier works and infinitely more original. Lam initially studied painting in Havana, but soon radically developed his artistic practice in Europe through study of the work of Old Masters such as Diego Velázquez and Francisco de Goya, as well as exposure to modern artists such as Pablo Picasso and Joan Miró. Peintre cubain, promoteur d’une peinture métissée alliant modernisme occidental et symboles africains et caribéens créant ainsi un langage singulier et contemporain. A participant in the Modern Art movement, Lam studied at the Escuela de Bellas Artes in Madrid, Spain after leaving his native Havana. Madame Lumumba, 1938 . Wifredo Lam was a Cuban artist who sought to portray and revive the enduring Afro-Cuban spirit and culture. Comment: This painting is the one to which Alejo Carpentier refers as a key for seeing and understanding what lo real maravilloso (Magical Realism?) Image: Wifredo Lam, "La Jungla / The Jungle" (1943, oil on canvas). Though Lam's dislike for academic conservatism persisted, his time in Spain marked his technical development in which he began to merge a primitive aesthetic and the traditions of Western composition. Jeunesse et formation du peintre cubain. Wifredo Lam (1902-1982) Femme assise signé et daté 'Wifredo Lam 20.8.42' (en bas à droite) gouache et pastel sur papier marouflé sur toile 101.2 x 76.7 cm. Through his godmother, Matonica Wilson, a Santería priestess locally celebrated as a healer and sorceress, he was exposed to rites of the African orishas. Lam's Afro-Cuban ancestry, coupled with his sympathy towards the poor, underrepresented and oppressed inspired him to depict typically dark, emotionally intense images of … We are presented with three imposing anthropomorphic figures that stand and confront the viewer curiously. Autoportrait, 1923. Son épouse lui survit jusqu'en 1944. Sa mère, Ana Serafina Castilla, née en 1862, est une mulâtresse descendant d’Espagnols et de Noirs du Congo déportés. La Ventana, II, 1935. Wifredo Lam (Cuban, 1902–1982) was a Cuban-born painter, draughtsman, and sculptor, born to a Chinese father and Afro-Cuban mother. Wifredo Lam est un artiste cubain surtout connu pour son esthétique surréaliste unique qui mêle mouvements artistiques européens et imagerie de son pays natal. There he met Helena Holzer, a German researcher, and the Catalan artist known as Manolo Hugué. However, Lam disliked both academic teaching and painting. This is a part of the Wikipedia article used under the Creative Commons Attribution-Sharealike 3.0 Unported License (CC-BY-SA). In 1929 he married Eva Piriz, but both she and their young son died in 1931 of tuberculosis; it is likely that this personal tragedy contributed to the dark nature of his work. Wifredo Lam était un artiste d'origine cubaine qui a atteint la renommée pour son travail en tant que peintre. « With regard to life, modern painting is a revolutionary activity… » Wifredo Lam Peint en 1949. oil on canvas 48 7/8 x 43 1/8 in. In the mornings he would attend his conservative teacher's studio, while he spent his evenings working alongside young, nonconformist painters. Wifredo est le huitième et dernier enfant d'un couple aux origines fort différentes et d'une grande différence d'âge. De mère métisse, aux origines hispano-congolaises, et de père chinois immigré à Cuba, Wifredo Lam grandit dans une famille modeste et ouverte d’esprit : son père qui tient un petit commerce, est un homme lettré qui maîtrise la calligraphie. Find more works of this artist at Wikiart.org – best visual art database. Un participant au mouvement de l'art moderne, Lam a étudié à l'Escuela de Bellas Artes à Madrid en Espagne, après avoir quitté sa ville natale La Havane. In 1923 Lam began studying in Madrid under Fernando Álvarez de Sotomayor y Zaragoza, the curator of the Museo del Prado and teacher of Salvador Dalí. Wifredo Lam was born and raised in Sagua La Grande, a village in the sugar farming province of Villa Clara, Cuba. Wifredo Lam lived in the XX cent., a remarkable figure of Cuban Surrealism. The influence of Surrealism was discernible in his work, as well as that of Henri Matisse. Simultaneously he also began studying tropical plants at the Botanical Gardens. Il abandonne des études de droit pour suivre une formation artistique et devenir portraitiste. Painted in 1949. “I responded always to the presence of factors that emanated from our history and our geography, tropical flowers, and … Le « l » de son prénom ayant disparu quelques années plus tard à la suite d’une erreur administrative, il adopte complètement ce nouveau prénom de Wifredo. close. Wifredo Óscar de la Concepción Lam y Castilla, dit Wifredo Lam, est né à Sagua La Grande, (Cuba) le 8 décembre 1902 et mort à Paris le 11 septembre 1982. Son père, Enrique Lam Yam, né vers 1818, est un chinois originaire de la région de Canton qui a émigré vers les Amériques. Wifredo Lam was a Cuban artist who sought to portray and revive the enduring Afro-Cuban spirit and culture. Wifredo Lam savait qu'il n'y a pas de jungle à Cuba, mais la manigua (maquis dense et épineux). is. Ce dernier meurt en 1926, âgé de 108 ans. During the 1930s Lam was exposed to a variety of influences. Drafted to defend Madrid, Lam was incapacitated during the fighting in late 1937 and was sent to Barcelona. The full text of the article is here →. C’est là qu’il passe son enfance, dans un environnement mêlant plusieurs civilisations et croyances : le catholicisme cubain auquel appartient sa mère qui le fait baptiser lorsqu'il a 5 ans; le culte des ancêtres pratiqué par son père ; et les traditions africaines, liées à la santeria, que lui apprend sa marraine, Antonica Wilson, dite Mantonica, une prêtresse très renommée de ce rite. The retrospective on Cuban painter Wifredo Lam (Sagua La Grande, 1902 – Paris, 1982), organised by the Centre Pompidou, Museo Reina Sofía and Tate Modern, acknowledges the common desire to consider modernity in all its complexity and endeavours to redefine Lam’s work inside a history of international art in which he stands as a key figure. Wifredo Lam, (born Dec. 8, 1902, Sagua la Grande, Cuba—died Sept. 11, 1982, Paris, France), Cuban painter known for his synthesis of Modernist aesthetics and Afro-Cuban imagery. Le Repos du modèle [Nu], 1938. One of the most renowned Cuban artists of the modern era, Wifredo Lam achieved an inventive synthesis of European modernism and Afro-Caribbean symbolism. Wifredo s'exerce au dessin et à la peinture dans les jardins botaniques de la ville. Wifredo Lam (1902-82), whose work is the focus of a handsome and long overdue survey at the Museum of Latin American Art in Long Beach, is typically acknowledged for his painterly fusion of … In Sagua La Grande, Lam was surrounded by many people of African descent; his family, like many others, practiced Catholicism alongside their African traditions. He was of mixed-race ancestry: his father, Yam Lam, was a Chinese immigrant and his mother, the former Ana Serafina Castilla, was born to a Congolese former slave mother and a Cuban mulatto father. Sagua La Grande est une petite ville sur la côte nord, centre sucrier de la Province de Las Villas. La Vieja del rosario, 1927. De 1918 à 1923, Lam est inscrit à l’Academia Nacional de Bellas Artes San Alejandro (es). Il s'installe en 1860 à San Francisco puis, dix ans plus tard, migre une première fois vers Cuba avant de rejoindre le Mexique en 1880. Miami Biennale Wifredo Lam . » Wifredo Oscar de la Concepción Lam y Castilla naquit l'année de la proclamation de la république, après plus de trois siècles de domination espagnole. Wifredo Lam (1902-1982) Je suis huile sur toile 124.2 x 109.5 cm. A pivotal figure of Latin American modern art, Wifredo Lam was born in 1902 in Cuba, the son of a Chinese father and an Afro-Cuban mother of Spanish descent. At the Prado, Lam discovered and was awed by the work of Hieronymus Bosch and Pieter Bruegel I. … Back in Cuba, Lam reconnected with his family and the culture he had been born into. Elle lui ouvre un monde peuplé d’esprits et d’invisibles. In 1916 Lam moved to Havana to study law, a path that his family had thrust upon him. En 1916, Wifredo et une partie de la famille s'installent à La Havane tandis que son père, déjà très âgé, reste à la campagne. ‘My Painting is an Act of Decolonization’ an Interview with Wifredo Lam by Gerardo Mosquera (1980), p.3. His contact with African celebrations and spiritual practices proved to be his largest artistic influence. Overlapping bodies and limbs make it difficult to distinguish the figures and their attributes. 21 oct. 2017 - Wifredo Óscar de la Concepción Lam y Castilla, dit Wifredo Lam, est né à Sagua La Grande, (Cuba) le 8 décembre 1902 et mort à Paris le 11 septembre 1982. Executed on 20 August 1942 Though he was predominantly a painter, he also worked with sculpture, ceramics and printmaking in his later life. Expert Cuban school painting authentification services Inspired by and in contact with some of the most renowned artists of the 20th century, Lam melded his influences and created a unique style, which was ultimately characterized by the prominence of hybrid figures. Lam fréquente une école publique dans un quartier populaire de sa ville natale et c'est dès l’âge de sept ans que naît sa vocation d’artiste et qu’il se passionne pour le dessin. After graduating from Havana’s Academia Nacional de Bellas Artes San Alejandro, he won a scholarship in 1923 to study at the Museo del Prado in Madrid, where he stayed until 1938, when he moved to Paris. Wifredo Óscar de la Concepción Lam y Castilla (林飛龍) was born on December 8, 1902 in Sagua La Grande, Cuba, to parents of Cuban, Congolese and Chinese ancestry. Lam was born to a Chinese immigrant father and a mother of African and Spanish descent. Il s’intéresse très tôt aux œuvres de Léonard de Vinci, Velasquez, Goya mais aussi de Paul Gauguin ou Eugène Delacroix. 44 - Quetzal) 1975" Follow Artist Add to Watchlist Limited Edition Print: Lithograph on Paper In 1923, Lam … Wifredo Lam. Wifredo Lam - 28 artworks - painting. Le texte intégral de l'article est ici →, https://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wifredo_Lam. In this monumental painting, Wifredo Lam (1902–1982) leaves no corner unfilled. , he also began studying tropical plants at the outbreak of the Wikipedia article used under the Creative Attribution-Sharealike. The 1930s Lam was a Cuban-born artist who sought to portray and revive enduring. As a painter, he also worked with sculpture, ceramics and printmaking in his work, well... Viewer curiously atteint la renommée pour son travail en tant que peintre, 1938 XX cent., village. Huitième et dernier wifredo lam paintings d'un couple aux origines fort différentes et d'une différence! 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