It was found that the loop length had the most significant influence on pilling resistance rating. Double jersey fabric is almost similar to the single jersey fabric but in double jersey face and back side appearance is same. In this study, the thermal properties of bamboo/cotton blended single jersey fabrics have been studied in relation to linear density, loop length and blend proportion on thickness, air permeability, thermal conductivity, thermal resistance and water vapour permeability. AASTM-D 1683-64: Standard test method for fabric weight. 14. 1/6. The object of this study is to investigate how it varies when the fabrics are made from 100% cotton yarn and cotton/elastane blended yarns & also to study the effect of elastane on the basic principle physical properties like GSM, … 21536. Properties of Single Jersey Fabrics Made of Cotton: Effect of Fabric Softeners on Properties of Single Jersey Fabrics Made of Cotton and Elastomeric … The dimensional and physical Properties of Cotton/elastane single jersey fabrics varies as compared with fabrics knitted from 100% cotton yarn. In addition, the outstanding features of spandex are low moisture absorption and resistance to normal apparel exposure to sunlight and to most common chemical(7). This fabric is much warm, flexible, stretchy, and wear to comfort therefore get popularity. Design ideas and inspiration. Properties of Single Jersey Fabrics Made of Cotton: Effect of Fabric Softeners on Properties of Single Jersey Fabrics Made of Cotton and Elastomeric Fibres | Sadek, Roqaya | ISBN: 9783848437795 | Kostenloser Versand für alle Bücher mit Versand und Verkauf duch Amazon. 8. Sawhney A P S, Robert K Q, Ruppenicker G F and Kimmel L B (2012): Improved Method of Producing Cotton Covered/Polyester Staple-Core Yarn on a Ring Spinning Frame, Textile Res J 62 (1), pp 21 - 25. Rijstextiles.com sells various kinds of jersey fabrics … Yarn is used to create loops that form a face side and a back side, or knit and purl side of the fabric. 5. Single jersey is lightweight and stretchy. The constructional properties of a weft knitted fabric depend on yarn count and stitch length. Cotton single jersey fabric is produced by knitting cotton yarn so that one side of the material is flat whereas the other side is piled – it is covered with characteristic upright loops, which can be clearly seen if you look at the surface close up. Determination of dimensional stability: This test was carried out according to (B S 3424:1974)(14). The statistical analysis also showed that, there is inverse relationship between loop length and dimensional stability in the lengthwise direction as the loop length increase the dimensional change decrease. The most popular uses included underwear and fishermen’s sweaters. Cam system is stationery and the cylinder with needles and sinkers are movable. Notify me of follow-up comments by email. The loop length has an insignificant effect on the wale density. Marmarali A B: Dimensional and Physical Properties of Cotton/Spandex Single Jersey Fabrics. Figure (8), illustrates the relationship between the amount of Lycra and dimensional stability in the crosswise direction at three different loop length. Single Jersey 100% Polyester Fabric Single Jersey 150D DTY Paper Print Professional 95 Polyester 5 Spandex Knitting Fabric Single Jersey For Women Garment. Buy Jersey fabrics online. B S 2544: 73: Standard test method for determination of bursting strength. We doesn't provide single jersey fabric structure products or service, please contact them directly and verify their companies info carefully. B S 5058: 1969: Standard test method for determination of pill rating. Fabric structure: More spirality in single jersey due to non-arrest of loops. All single jersey fabric wholesalers & single jersey fabric manufacturers come from members. Pet Carriers & Houses All Pet Supplies Editors' Picks. Dimensional stability in the lengthwise direction. The fabric can be a very stretchy single … Pilling resistance rating is significantly affected by loop length and percentage of spandex. The polymers in spandex fibres contain soft and hard segments (Figure 1). It defines a man-made fibre in which the fibre-forming substance is a synthetic chain of polymer containing at least 85% segmented polyurethane(1). Only one set of latch needle is used. By applying the ANOVA technique we found that the Lycra ratio had the most significant influence on wale density P value (0). This could be attributed to that less the loop length the less spaces between courses leading to the inability of the fabric to have greater number of courses. Sroka P: Handbook of Fusible Interlinings for Textiles, Hartung-Gorre Verlag, 3rd ed, 396 pages, (2007), Germany. Our experimental samples were knitted on a Convert weft knitted machine with 66 feeders (24 gauge, 22" diameter, 1632 total needle count, with a positive yarn feeding system) Marchizio circular knitting machine. Single jersey tends to curl a little on the edges, but it is a very easy and pleasant fabric to work with when sewing. Textile Research Journal, 73, 11 - 14, (2003), pp 54. The yarn feeder is over the m/c and stationary. The purpose of this work was to compare the constructional properties of knit fabric produced by single ply yarn and double ply yarns with the same resultant count. It is usually made using stocking stitch, but can also be made using rib stitch or other patterns that are knitted in. The right side of jersey knit fabric is smooth with a slight single rib knit, while the backside of jersey is piled with loops. Figure (7), illustrates the relationship between the amount of Lycra and dimensional stability in the lengthwise direction at three different loop length. It is the designer's responsibility to select the appropriate fabrics for their intended applications, but it is the responsibility of the fabric producer to provide as much information as possible to help customers make appropriate fabric selections. … Mathematical Analysis of Single Jersey and Double Jersey. By applying the ANOVA technique we found that there is a significant effect of both Lycra ratio and loop length on course density P value (0, .002) respectively. The machine is negative feed system and has electric … The significant effect of the loop length on the bursting strength can be attributed to the less loop length associated with increasing the fabric weight which leads to higher bursting strength. Face side and back side of fabric are different 2. The increase in the amount of Lycra from 0% to 8% leads to an increase in wale density up to 60% for all samples, because the greater the amount of Lycra, the tighter the fabric. Ne 30/1 ring spun cotton yarn and 44 dtex spandex were used in the research. The statistical analysis also showed that, there is inverse relationship between loop length and course density as the loop length increase the course density decrease. The greater the amount of Lycra, the higher the course density. Haji [] measured the physical properties of cotton/ spandex single jersey and fabric knitted from cotton alone. Dr Mona M A HajiFashion Design DepartmentCollege of Arts and Interior Design for GirlsAl-Mansour Street (behind the police station)Umm Alqura UniversityMakkah Al Mukarramah(Mailbox: 715)Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. The type of fabric and it’s end use determine the amount and type of Lycra required to ensure optimum performance and aesthetics. 100% Polyester Linen Feel Mechanical Stretch Fabric; casual wear, single jersey, water repellent … This study focused on the effect of single jersey, single pique, double pique and honeycomb structures and structural cell stitch length (SCSL) on ring and compact yarn single jersey fabric properties. Single jersey is the mostly used for making T-shirts in textile. Determination of fabric weight: This test was carried out by using Mettler H 30 apparatus according to the American Standard specifications of (ASTM-D 3776-79)(11). I thing the following formula will help to find out better mathematical analysis of single jersey and double jersey. SINGLE JERSEY: The structure of a weft knit fabric can be plain and simple, or extremely complex and interesting. Determination of bursting strength: This test was carried out by using, Bursting Tester for clothing, according to (ASTM-D 3787-89)(15). H C Ch'iu, M S Thesis, (1992): Study on the Spandex Elastic Core Spun Yarn Formation, The Institute of Textile Engineering, Feng Chia University, Taiwan, ROC, pp 1 - 16. It has one set of needle and another set sinker. This means that, as the amount of Lycra increases, the crease resistance increases, because the greater the amount of Lycra more elasticity the fabric become. We have equipped our Single Jersey Knitting Machine with different gauges of cylinders that requires less power for excellence in fabric-making efficiency. Dimensional properties of knitted fabrics are an important property and determine the … Figure (10), illustrates the relationship between the Lycra ratio and air permeability, at three levels of loop length. By applying the ANOVA technique we found that there is a significant effect of both Lycra ratio and loop length on dimensional stability in the lengthwise direction P value (0, .001) respectively. Determination of wale and course density: This test were determined at ten different places on every sample calculated with a magnifying glass, and the average values were calculated. 11. Order cheap jersey fabrics at Rijs Textiles.Jersey fabrics are stretchable fabrics of a flexible nature. It is shown that, the amount of Lycra is significant effect on the course density for all tested fabrics. Single Jersey Fabric: Single jersey is weft knitted fabric which is formed by one set of needles. The cylinder, sinker and latch needle revolve along the stationary knitting cam systems producing the desired density, thickness and ideal properties of the fabric. The name comes from the Isle of Jersey, one of the Channel Islands between Britain and France, where Jersey’s own sheep were bred. Let’s start with a basic knit structure. The dimensional characteristics such as loop length (l), wales per centimeter (wpc), courses per centimeter (cpc), stitch density (s), tightness factor (K), loop shape factor (R) and take-up rate (T) of single jersey, 1x1rib, 1x1 interlock, single pique, and two-thread fleece knitted fabrics made from 100% cotton and cotton/elastane yarns (5% elastane yarn content) are investigated in this research. He proved that fabric crease recov- The dimensional and physical Properties of Cotton/elastane single jersey fabrics varies as compared with fabrics knitted from 100% cotton yarn. There are many different counts and types of spandex on the market(4). We doesn't provide single jersey fabric products or service, please contact them directly and verify their companies info carefully. Today, jersey is also made from cotton, cotton blends, and synthetic fibers. If any of the parameter varies, the properties of knit fabric will vary. In single jersey face side and back side appearance is different. By applying the ANOVA technique we found that the Lycra ratio had the most significant influence on wale density P value (0). Different types of spandex material exist on the markets with different counts, this impose engineering the use of every type at different spun materials and fabric construction. With increased SCSL, the dimensional properties like CPI, WPI, SD, … 6. Supplying fabrics to named brands, EYSAN established in 1986, provides plain single jersey, pique, mesh single jersey fabric with various material. Jersey also tends to be soft, making it very comfortable. Email: Judys.bostick@gmail.com. Determination of crease recovery: Crease recovery was measured by using Wrinkle recovery tester according to (ASTM-D 1295-67)(12). Robers F: Directional Stretch, World Clothing Manufacturer, 79 (5), June 1998, pp 33 - 36. Fabric weight was improved signi cantly by increasing spandex ratio. Dimensional stability in the crosswise direction. Contact Supplier. The mechanical properties, including burst strength, abrasion resistance, air permeability, water vapour permeability, and flame retardant … In single jersey face side and back side appearance is different. Get info of suppliers, manufacturers, exporters, traders of Polyester Jersey Fabric for buying in India. It is shown that, the amount of Lycra is significant effect on the wale density for all tested fabrics. Think of a hand knit sweater. It is shown that, for all tested samples the amount of Lycra has a significant effect on the crease recovery angle. The use of spandex has resulted in fabrics that fit better on the body like a second skin and have good shape retention without any deformation throughout the life of the garment especially in knitted fabrics(6). It was found that, bursting strength, fabric weight, crease recovery and pilling resistance rating have been improved significantly by increasing in Lycra ratio, but fabric air permeability and dimensional stability were decreased. 7. By applying the ANOVA technique we found that there is a significant effect of both Lycra ratio and loop length on bursting strength P value (0, .001) respectively. Gupta S and Gupta D: Fusing Developments in Pressing and Finishing, ATA Journal, April/May 2009, pp 98 - 99. Lycra can be stretched four to seven times its initial length, yet springs back to it’s original length once tension is released(5). In cotton/spandex single jersey fabrics, bursting strength, fabric weight, crease recovery and pilling resistance rating can be improved significantly by increasing the Lycra ratio, but air permeability and dimensional stability of the fabrics decrease, finds Dr Mona M A Haji. Interlock-Jersey wird an zwei Nadelreihen gestrickt, die sich … The significant effect of the loop length on the crease recovery can be attributed to the less loop length associated with increasing the fabric weight which leads to resist the crease deformation. But needle and sinkers have different cam system. But in rib fabric is produced by two sets of, In double jersey face and back side appearance is, Thickness and weight of Double jersey is twice of rib, Double jersey is more expensive than single. It is shown that, the amount of Lycra is significant effect on the bursting strength for all tested fabrics, as amount of Lycra increase, the bursting strength increase, because the greater the amount of Lycra, the tighter the fabric. All single jersey fabric structure wholesalers & single jersey fabric structure manufacturers come from members. 16. Spandex is a generic term, like polyamide or polyester. By applying the ANOVA technique we found that the Lycra ratio had the most significant influence on dimensional stability in the crosswise direction P value (0, .006). This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. The increase in loop length from 2.7 to 3.35 mm leads to a decrease in fabric weight up to 23%, 21% and 17% for 0% Lycra, 4% Lycra and 8% Lycra, respectively for all samples. Most Popular model, capable of knitting various kinds of single jersey fabrics. Solid single jersey fabric, plain jersey, multiple colours, dressmaking fabric, sold by metre, extra wide, kids fabric, stretch knit fabric ElzahFabrics. From the above results the following were obtained: 1. Figure (3), illustrates the relationship between the amount of Lycra and the wale density for different loop length. Simply put, this machine is the simplest circular knitting machine containing only 1 track of cams that produces plain single jersey fabric. The higher the amount of Lycra, the higher the crease recovery angle. Properties of cotton/spandex single jersey fabrics. The fabric is warm, flexible, stretchy, and very insulating, making it a popular choice for the layer worn closest to the body. The percentage of spandex used in the knitting industry depends on the fabric stretch required and fabric properties(3). It can be stretched repeatedly to at least twice their original length at room temperature; when the extending force is removed, they immediately return with force to their approximate original length. Figure (5) shows the relationship between the amount of Lycra and the crease recovery at three levels of loop length. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. 15. The soft segments extend and retract under a pulling force; hydrogen bonds form between the hard segments of adjacent polymers(2). It is shown that, the amount of Lycra has a significant effect on the dimensional stability in the crosswise direction for all samples, as the higher the amount of Lycra, the higher the dimensional change is, (inverse relationship). single jersey fabric. Single Jersey 100% Polyester Soft Sand Washed Single Jersey Modal Polyester Fabric … The significant effect of loop length on fabric weight for all tested fabrics can be attributed to the decrease in the loop length help to increase in stitch density, which lead to increase to fabric weight. Consistent quality effecting high yield in knitting. Plain single jersey structured fabrics were knitted from 100% polysulfonamide (PSA) yarn, and from PSA85/Cotton15 and PSA70/Cotton30 blended and core-spun yarns. The significant effect of the loop length on the pill rating can be attributed to that the decreasing in loop length helps to reduce pilling by tightening up and compactness of the construction and making fibre migration more difficult. 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