The earthquake took place around 1420 New Zealand Standard Time and was centered next to 3.8 miles deep, six miles from Christchurch.. The population loss caused by the earthquake reversed this, with the Wellington main urban area back in second position. [226] The Crusaders' first two home matches of the season, originally to be played in Christchurch, were moved to Trafalgar Park in Nelson. It also covers land damage within 8 metres of a home; this coverage is uncapped. [216][217] Avonside Girls' High School returned to its original site at the start of 2012. [7] Fire-fighting and recovery operations resumed that night,[58] later joined by a Japanese search and rescue squad. [246], EQC cover for domestic premises entitles the holder to up to NZ$100,000 plus tax (GST) for each dwelling, with any further amount above that being paid by the policyholder's insurance company. [156], Australia's foreign minister Kevin Rudd told Sky News that New Zealand's Foreign Affairs Minister Murray McCully had asked for further help from Australia. The west wall suffered collapses in the June 2011 earthquake and the December 2011 quake[66] due to a steel structure – intended to stabilise the rose window – pushing it in. The earthquake was followed by several smaller shocks, and then at 2:20pm a huge 6.3 earthquake rocked Christchurch City. The EQC pays out the first NZ$1.5 billion in claims, and the reinsurance companies are liable for all amounts between NZ$1.5 billion and NZ$4 billion. Once the composite Christchurch Coordination Centre was established on 23 February the CDEM Group Controllers and ECC personnel relocated to the City Art Gallery to supplement the management personnel available to the National Controller. [47] Road surfaces were forced up by liquefaction, and water and sand were spewing out of cracks. As per the protocols of New Zealand's Coordinated Incident Management System, the Civil Defence Emergency Management Act, and the National Civil Defence Emergency Management Plan and Guide, Civil Defence Emergency Management became lead agency—with the Director of the Ministry of Civil Defence & Emergency Management John Hamilton as National Controller. They also provided forensic analysis and evidence gathering at fatalities and Disaster Victim Identification (DVI) teams, working closely with pathologists, forensic dentists and scientists, and the coroner at the emergency mortuary established at Burnham Military Camp. [107] KiwiRail also delayed 14 March departure of its Interislander ferry Aratere to Singapore for a 30-metre (98 ft) extension and refit prior to the 2011 Rugby World Cup. Definitions of June 2011 Christchurch earthquake, synonyms, antonyms, derivatives of June 2011 Christchurch earthquake, analogical dictionary of June 2011 Christchurch earthquake (English) 2011年基督城地震... News Limited . [155], A field hospital providing 75 beds was set up in the badly affected eastern suburbs on 24 February. [81] Both Our City and the Civic are on the register of Heritage New Zealand. [177] Kamalesh Sharma, Commonwealth Secretary-General, sent a message of support to the Prime Minister and stated "our heart and condolences go immediately to the bereaved." [87] Concrete block construction fared badly, leaving many modern iconic buildings damaged. That would make it the third most costly earthquake event in history, after the 2011 Japan and 1994 California earthquakes. Unlimited Paenga Tawhiti could not return to its central city buildings due to demolitions and it has no long term site. [136] On 1 March, it was announced that the New South Wales Government would be donating A$1 million (NZ$1.3 million[175]) to the victims of the Christchurch earthquake. [64] The building was thought to be irreparably damaged and have the potential to bring down other buildings if it fell; an area of a two-block radius around the hotel was thus evacuated. Quick Links Animated Quake Maps View the [12] It is also possible that "seismic lensing" contributed to the ground effect, with the seismic waves rebounding off the hard basalt of the Port Hills back into the city. This included Shirley Boys' High School sharing with Papanui High School,[213] Linwood College sharing with Cashmere High School[214] and Avonside Girls High School sharing with Burnside High School[215] and Marian College sharing with St Bedes College and Unlimited Paenga Tawhiti sharing with Halswell Residential College. [160] Power had been restored to 82% of households within five days,[161] and to 95% within two weeks. [197] Australia's official delegation included Governor-General Quentin Bryce, Prime Minister Julia Gillard, and Opposition Leader Tony Abbott.[198]. Started filming a minute or so after the big one struck. An a… 1.8 times the acceleration of gravity),[22] with the highest recording 2.2g, at Heathcote Valley Primary School,[3] a shaking intensity equivalent to MM X+. After 7 years, the school is set to be moved to Redcliffs Park in 2020. Wikimedia Foundation, 02 June 2013. [258][262] It's thought that natural disasters, such as earthquakes, are able to induce these positive effects because they affect an entire community, in comparison to an event that targets only an individual. Implemented programs can use this knowledge to help survivors focus on the positive effects, possibly working with families to help them get through the disaster with the people they feel closest with. [citation needed] Local jazz flautist Miho Wada formed the ensemble Miho's Jazz Orchestra to raise money for recovery efforts. [210][211] Some students relocated to other centres – by 5 March, a total of 4879 Christchurch students had enrolled in other schools across New Zealand. [62] The reinforced concrete building had been constructed in 1963–1964. Below is a list of all aftershocks of Richter, moment, and body-wave magnitudes 5.0 and above that occurred in the region between 22 February 2011 and 15 January 2012. [78] St Elmo Courts has been damaged in the September 2010 earthquake and the owner intended to repair the building, but further damage caused by the February 2011 event resulted in a decision to demolish, which was done the following month. [227] The Crusaders played their entire home schedule away from Christchurch,. [16], The current New Zealand building code requires a building with a 50-year design life to withstand predicted loads of a 500-year event. The earthquake struck the city of Christchurch in New Zealand on 22 February 2011. My apartment is 6 floors up. [56], The six-storey Canterbury Television (CTV) building collapsed in the earthquake, leaving only its lift shaft standing, which caught fire. [24], The upwards (positive acceleration) was greater than the downwards, which had a maximum recording of 0.9g; the maximum recorded horizontal acceleration was 1.7g[26] The force of the earthquake was "statistically unlikely" to occur more than once in 1000 years, according to one seismic engineer, with a PGA greater than many modern buildings were designed to withstand. Statistics New Zealand expects Christchurch's population growth rate to return to pre-earthquake levels. June 2011 Christchurch earthquake. [182], Ban Ki-Moon, Secretary-General of the United Nations, issued a statement on behalf of the UN expressing his "deep sadness" and stressed the "readiness of the United Nations to contribute to its efforts in any way needed". [28] Although the rupture was subsurface, satellite images indicated that the net displacement of the land south of the fault was 50 cm westwards and upwards; the land movement would have been greater during the earthquake. not including outlying urban areas from other districts, Christchurch continues to have a significantly larger population over Wellington.[239][240]. 185 people died as a result of the magnitude 6.3 earthquake that struck the Canterbury region on 22 February, 2011. A state of local emergency was initially declared by the Mayor of Christchurch, which was superseded when the government declared a state of national emergency, which stayed in force until 30 April 2011. It has treated over 220 serious injuries so far, even though sometimes they were working by torchlight. The earthquake destroyed the ChristChurch Cathedral's spire and part of its tower, and severely damaged the structure of the remaining building. 115 people died in the building, which housed a TV station, a medical clinic and an English language school. June 2011 The Mw 6.2 Christchurch Earthquake of 22 February 2011 2 CONTENTS ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS 3 4 6 12 25 32 53 62 96 108 110 1. A second team of 70 from Queensland, Queensland Task Force 1, (including three sniffer dogs),was sent the following day on board a RAAF C-17 . [111], Of the 185 victims, 115 people died in the Canterbury Television building alone, while another 18 died in the collapse of PGC House, and eight were killed when masonry fell on Red Bus number 702 in Colombo Street. [22] The PGA is also one of the greatest-ever ground accelerations recorded in the world,[24] and was unusually high for a 6.2 quake,[25] and the highest in a vertical direction. [102], Redcliffs Primary School, then located at 140 Main Road, right under the cliffs, was moved to Van Asch Deaf Education Centre, 4.5 km from the main site soon afterwards. The earthquake … The army provided desalination plants, and bottled supplies were sent in by volunteers and companies. [108], The earthquake combined with the urgency created by the unseasonably early break-up of sea ice on the Ross Ice Shelf caused logistical problems with the return of Antarctic summer season research operations from Scott Base and McMurdo Station in Antarctica to Christchurch. [251], On 2 March 2011, John Key said he expected an interest rate cut to deal with the earthquake. The New Zealand Fire Service coordinated search and rescue, with support from the Urban Search and Rescue (USAR) teams from New Zealand, Australia, United Kingdom, United States, Japan, Taiwan, China and Singapore, totalling 150 personnel from New Zealand and 429 from overseas. [98] The Shag Rock, a notable landmark, was reduced to half of its former height. [233] [2] The earthquake struck the Canterbury region in New Zealand's South Island and was centred 6.7 kilometres (4.2 mi) south-east of the centre of Christchurch,[10] New Zealand's second-most populous city. [187], Pope Benedict XVI issued an announcement on the earthquake in a statement during his Wednesday audience on 23 February, stating that he was praying for the dead and the injured victims of the devastating earthquake, and encouraging those involved in the rescue efforts. The primarily wilderness all-volunteer search and rescue organisation, LandSAR, deployed 530 people to the city to perform welfare checks. [238], In October 2008, the population of the Christchurch main urban area, as defined by Statistics New Zealand, had for the first time exceeded the Wellington equivalent (at 386,100 versus 386,000), which made Christchurch the second largest city in New Zealand (after Auckland). [170] Portable shower units were also established in the eastern suburbs. One elderly man has died as a result of this earthquake. Official visitation teams were organised by Civil Defence and there were engineers or assessors from EQC. [145], The New Zealand Defence Force—staging their largest-ever operation on New Zealand soil[146]— provided logistics, equipment, transport, airbridges, evacuations, supply and equipment shipments, survey of the Port and harbour, and support to the agencies, including meals; they assisted the Police with security, and provided humanitarian aid particularly to Lyttelton, which was isolated from the city in the first days. [194] Prince William, made a two-day trip to the country to tour the areas affected by the earthquake,[195] attended on the Queen's behalf and made an address during the service. [140] The team left New Zealand earlier than planned due to the 9.0 earthquake which struck Japan on 11 March 2011. Rhodes, B., & Becker, L. (2013). 185 people from more than 20 countries died in the earthquake. [193], A national memorial service was held on 18 March at North Hagley Park, coinciding with a one-off provincial holiday for Canterbury, which required the passing of the Canterbury Earthquake Commemoration Day Act 2011 to legislate. Evidence from research on the Christchurch earthquakes reveals that increased trauma exposure is not exclusively correlated with negative outcomes. [28] The acceleration experienced in February 2011 would "totally flatten" most world cities, causing massive loss of life; in Christchurch, New Zealand's stringent building codes limited the disaster. [249][250], The Accident Compensation Corporation (ACC) announced it would be the largest single event they had paid out for, with an estimated 7,500 injury claims costing over $200 million. One elderly man has died as a result of this earthquake. [222], New Zealand Cricket's offices were damaged by the earthquake. It was the largest aftershock of the 4 September 2010 Canterbury earthquake,[10] although it is being regarded as a separate earthquake. Over the course of a week, LandSAR teams visited 67,000 premises. [92] The town's historic Timeball Station was extensively damaged, adding to damage from the preceding earthquake in September 2010. If you cannot physically help, then you can help by donating now to the Christchurch City Mission, or one of the many other charities set up to help Christchurch. Home » New Zealand Natural Disasters » Christchurch Earthquakes » Christchurch Earthquake 13th June 2011. [136] A team of 55 Disaster Assistance and Rescue Team members from the Singapore Civil Defence Force were sent. Trajectories of posttraumatic growth and depreciation after two major earthquakes. Thousands of portaloos and chemical toilets from throughout New Zealand and overseas were brought into the city. The earthquake was followed by several smaller shocks, and then at 2:20pm a huge 6.3 earthquake rocked Christchurch City. [262] Depressive symptoms before a disaster can predict higher chances of developing PTSD following a trauma. [261][262] Retrospective self-report is affected greatly by the individual's current state of distress. [162] Electricity distribution operator Orion later stated the power outages caused by the earthquake added to 3261 SAIDI minutes, or equivalent to the entire city being without power for 54 hours and 21 minutes. The 2011 Inter Dominion harness racing series was scheduled to be held at Addington Raceway in March and April however the series was instead contested in Auckland. A Mw6.2 (ML6.3) earthquake occurred in Christchurch on Tuesday 22 February 2011[2] at 12:51 p.m. local time[9] (23:51 UTC, 21 February). Predictors of poor mental health after a trauma, such as mental health status prior to a trauma and individual characteristics, can help determine those who will be more vulnerable to developing mental health problems. New Zealand, and indeed the entire world, has rallied together to help sort our crisis. [137] The United States sent Urban Search and Rescue California Task Force 2, a 74-member heavy rescue team consisting of firefighters and paramedics from the Los Angeles County Fire Department, doctors, engineers and 26 tons of pre-packaged rescue equipment. "[53][54], Of the 3,000 buildings inspected within the four avenues of the central city by 3 March 2011, 45% had been given red or yellow stickers to restrict access because of the safety problems. While the judgements were mostly in favour of the church, no further demolition occurred after the removal of the tower in early 2012. The 6.3-magnitude earthquake may have been an aftershock of the 7.1-magnitude 4 September 2010 Canterbury earthquake. [21] Fires were reported at the Time-lapse visualisations of the February 22 2011 and September 4 2010 earthquakes and their aftershocks can also be viewed. Privacy Policy | Sitemap | Website by Kiwi Web Works. Dorahy, M.J., Rowlands, A., Renouf, C., Hanna, D., Britt, E., & Carter, J.D. This time it was often colleagues, classmates or complete strangers who comforted and hel… [135] They also responded to fires, serious structural damage reports, and landslides working with structural engineers, seismologists and geologists, as well as construction workers, crane and digger operators and demolition experts. They took into account a technical investigation undertaken by the Department of Building and Housing. A composite "Christchurch Response Centre" was established in the Christchurch Art Gallery, a modern earthquake-resilient building in the centre of the city which had sustained only minor damage. Approximately 450 fully serviced mobile homes would be located on sites across the city including Canterbury Agricultural Park and Riccarton Racecourse. OpenStreetMap had good map data in this region even before the disaster, thanks to local mappers. Thought the building was coming down. The Civic, the council's third home, was heavily damaged in February and was demolished. [189] All Black Sonny Bill Williams and Sky Television both made large donations from Williams' fourth boxing bout which was dubbed "The Clash For Canterbury". A Central City Red Zone was established on the day of the earthquake as a public exclusion zone in central Christchurch. In March 2011 the government established The Canterbury Earthquakes Royal Commission to report on the causes of building failure as a result of the earthquakes as well as the adequacy of building codes and other standards for buildings in New Zealand Central Business Districts. Police media releases relating to the Christchurch earthquake of Tuesday February 22, 2011. [122] On 23 February the Minister of Civil Defence, John Carter declared the situation a state of national emergency,[123] the country's first for a civil defence emergency (the only other one was for the 1951 waterfront dispute). Christchurch Quake Map. Holden et al. You can make a donation by going to the Christchurch City Mission website. The crew of the Navy ship Canterbury, in Lyttelton harbour at the time of the earthquake, provided meals for 1,000 people left homeless in that town,[151] and accommodation for a small number of locals. [176], The UN and the European Union offered assistance. It was deemed unstable and demolished in April 2011. Marshall, E.M., Frazier, P., Frankfurt, S., & Kuijer, R.G. [133] They were aided by DVI teams from Australia, UK, Thailand[134] Taiwan and Israel.[133]. The largest was a 5.9-magnitude tremor which occurred just under two hours after the main earthquake. [168] Waste water and sewerage systems were severely damaged. [60], The four-storey Pyne Gould Guinness (PGC) House[61] on Cambridge Terrace, headquarters of Pyne Gould Corporation, collapsed, with 18 casualties. [253], A KPMG survey in March 2013 suggested as much as $1.5 billion could be sucked from the rebuild in fraud. [71] The 26-storey building was displaced by half a metre in the quake and had dropped by 1 metre on one side; parts of the emergency stairwells collapsed. [88], On 7 March, Prime Minister John Key said that around 10,000 houses would need to be demolished, and liquefaction damage meant that some parts of Christchurch could not be rebuilt on. The 21-storey PricewaterhouseCoopers building, the city's tallest office tower, was among the office buildings to be later demolished. Surgenor, L.J., Snell, D.L., & Dorathy, M.L. New Zealand's Earthquake Commission (EQC), a government organisation, levies policyholders to cover a major part of the earthquake risk. [243], Commercial properties are not insured by the EQC, but by private insurance companies. [223] Some matches needed to be rescheduled. The station collapsed on 13 June 2011 after a magnitude 6.0 aftershock. June 13, 2011 08:51 BST Two powerful aftershocks have hit the New Zealand city of Christchurch, less than four months after an earthquake that killed 181 people. 2011) and the preliminary result for the M w 6.0 June aftershock (Beavan, pers. [125], Gerry Brownlee, a Cabinet Minister, had his regular portfolios distributed amongst other cabinet ministers so that he could focus solely on earthquake recovery.[126]. [49] In the central city, two buses were crushed by falling buildings. Last edited on 27 November 2020, at 08:05, Canterbury earthquake of 4 September 2010, List of tallest buildings in Christchurch, St Paul's-Trinity-Pacific Presbyterian Church, International Charter on Space and Major Disasters, Urban Search and Rescue California Task Force 2, Canterbury Earthquake Commemoration Day Act 2011, The Canterbury Earthquakes Royal Commission, UC CEISMIC Canterbury Earthquakes Digital Archive, List of disasters in New Zealand by death toll, "M 6.2 Christchurch Tue, Feb 22 2011: Technical", "M 6.2 Christchurch Tue, Feb 22 2011: Story", "Ice breaks off glacier after Christchurch quake", "List of deceased – Christchurch earthquake", "M 6.2 Christchurch Tue, Feb 22 2011: Details", "M 6.1 – South Island of New Zealand: Regional information", "Factors combined to intensify Chch quake", "New Zealand hit by strong quake, 65 dead", "Deadly quake could be sign of more to come", "Christchurch earthquake: Rockfall threat still strong, say experts", "Christchurch quake press conference Monday morning", "Christchurch Earthquake – an overview", "The Christchurch Feb 22nd Earthquake: A Personal Report", "New Zealand quake raises questions about L.A. buildings", "Second Christchurch fault much better behaved", "Christchurch earthquake: Wrecker's tip for leaning tower", "Christchurch earthquake: Radar points to rupturing of single fault", "Port Hills half a metre taller after Christchurch earthquake", "22 February 2011 – Christchurch badly damaged by magnitude 6.3 earthquake", "Christchurch earthquake: Deadly tremors rebounded on city", "New Zealand Earthquake Report – Apr 16 2011 at 5:49 pm (NZST)", "Damage assessed after 'violent' 5.3 aftershock hits Christchurch", "New Zealand Earthquake Report – Jun 13 2011 at 1:01 pm (NZST)", "Magnitude 6.0, Mon Jun 13 2011 2:20 PM: Technical", "Magnitude 6.0, Mon Jun 13 2011 2:20 PM: Details", "Workmen unscathed as Timeball Station collapses", "Canterbury Earthquake: Fire Service struggling to cope with rescue effort", "Canterbury Earthquake: Main roads to Christchurch open", "Christchurch quake: 'Dead bodies lying around, "New Zealand earthquake: 65 dead in Christchurch", "Christchurch quake: 'Buildings just piled on top of people, "How will we rebuild our shattered city? 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