Working to keep your symptoms under control is important to staying healthy and comfortable while living with eczema. Mold is a big one because it can trigger an inflammatory or allergic response that worsens eczema symptoms. We are surrounded by an unprecedented number of chemicals and toxins, and many of these can aggravate eczema and cause a flare in symptoms. DOI: 10.1177/1203475416685077. Finding people who understand can also do wonders for your mental outlook. The National Eczema Association (NEA) notes some general triggers, which could lead to an outbreak of eczema: When it comes to eczema on the face, pay special attention to anything that is coming in contact with your skin like makeup, facial masks, toners, cleansers, and other facial products. The cream can be used short-term (less than four weeks) to ease itching and redness with your doctor's OK. Hydrocortisone should not be used in the eye area. Do You Have Rosacea, Psoriasis, or Eczema? Eczema, in some cases, can be mistaken for other similar-looking conditions: Although there’s no cure for eczema, there are plenty of treatment options to make living with this condition more manageable. An eczema rash can pop up anywhere on the body, but it can be especially uncomfortable, painful, and itchy when it appears on the face because of the skin's sensitivity. Cherries are high in inflammation-fighting flavonoids. These include: 1. Phototherapy uses a device to emit ultraviolet B (UVB) light onto the skin, which reduces itching and inflammation, boosts the production of vitamin D, and enhances the body's natural ability to fight bacteria on the skin. Though not a medical concern, eczema around the eyes can also cause skin wrinkling. You can ask your doctor if there are any local support groups that meet near you or check out online options like those offered through the NEA. However, for most types of eczema, researchers believe a combination of genes and triggers are involved. To keep bothersome symptoms manageable, schedule regular visits with a dermatologist. For people with eczema, eating certain foods can trigger the body to release immune system … Stress. When trying to identify potential triggers, keep in mind that an eczema flare can appear some time after exposure. Inflammation gives way to redness and dryness, often resulting in flakes and, in some cases, blisters. Pet dander, or flakes of dead skin cells, is a common trigger for eczema and related conditions, like asthma. Although this isn't any different than eczema that develops on other areas of the face, it does need special consideration. Having eczema can be incredibly frustrating. The National Eczema Association is the resource and the hub for the millions of Americans who are living with eczema. These factors include: The skin on your face is especially delicate and is, therefore, more susceptible to irritation. The types of eczema that are most likely to appear on the face are: Although they are slightly different, all types of eczema have similar symptoms, including: This photo contains content that some people may find graphic or disturbing. For example, you could also have a condition known as seborrheic dermatitis, which is … When eczema occurs on the face, it very often affects the skin around the eyes and on the eyelids (particularly in adults). Facial eczema may occur in isolation or as part of a generalised eczema. This lag time can make some triggers challenging to detect. Because they are nonsteroidal medications, they do not cause thinning of the skin. There are everyday materials in the environment that can cause you to have an allergic reaction and trigger an eczema flare up. National Eczema Association | ​​​​​​​505 San Marin Drive, #B300 | Novato, CA 94945. Look for cosmetics with moisturizing ingredients. Be mindful of the sun. Eczema is a skin condition that causes scaly, itchy skin that develops a rash (which can get worse and often appears only when the skin is scratched). Potential causes of eczema are: 1. If you have problems such as painful or watery eyes, sensitivity to light, eye redness, or eye pain, see a doctor. nuts. Dr. Peredo emphasizes the importance of avoiding scrubs and … It's important to know what type of eczema you have in order to get the proper treatment. Chlorine. Factors that cause the skin to become dry, which in turn affects the skin's barrier function 2. DOI: 10.1007/s40272-013-0013-9. Aloe vera gel. Casey Gallagher, MD, is board-certified in dermatology and works as a practicing dermatologist and clinical professor. If eczema (facial or otherwise) lasts over long periods of time, the skin could eventually become thicker, discolored, or scarred. Eczema is actually an umbrella term for a group of conditions that cause itchy, red, and inflamed skin rash. Research also shows that some people with eczema have a mutation of the gene responsible for creating filaggrin. Thank you, {{form.email}}, for signing up. Your doctor may prescribe anti-yeast ointments or creams if your eczema is caused by a fungal infection. This is why many people with eczema have very dry and infection-prone skin. In most people there is no identifiable cause, but usually there is a history of atopic eczema – an in-built or constitutional eczema affecting other body areas. When eczema develops, the skin’s ability to act as a … If your eczema is mild, you may be able to keep in under control with good skincare practices and consistent moisturizing. In addition, eczema is commonly found in families with a history of other allergies or asthma. One person’s triggers may not be the same as another’s. Thyssen JP, Toft PB, Halling-Overgaard AS, Gislason GH, Skov L, Egeberg A. Those with eczema around the eyes are more susceptible to certain eye problems such as conjunctivitis, inflamed cornea, and changes in the shape of the cornea (a condition called keratoconus).. There are several types of eczema. The 8 Best Shampoos for Seborrheic Dermatitis of 2021, Find out How Using Hydrocortisone Cream Can Help Itchy Skin Rashes, Incidence, prevalence, and risk of selected ocular disease in adults with atopic dermatitis, Topical calcineurin inhibitors for atopic dermatitis: review and treatment recommendations, Review of Atopic Dermatitis and Topical Therapies, Dryness and flaking (these flakes may be yellow in the case of seborrheic dermatitis), Cracked skin that may bleed (in severe cases). That said, the sensitivity of facial skin must be kept in mind. Any cosmetic product that is used on the face should be fragrance-free and hypoallergenic. Look for those that have hydrating ingredients like hyaluronic acid and shea butter. Eczema (Atopic Dermatitis) is a common allergic skin condition. Eczema affects everyone differently. Eczema is … The current thinking is that eczema is caused by a combination of factors that include: Genetics Abnormal function of the immune system Environment Activities that may cause skin to be more sensitive Defects in the skin barrier that allow moisture out … … When you live with facial eczema, it can feel like your face takes center stage. For some, coming into contact with rough or coarse mate… Chemicals (hair dye, nail polish) Scratchy, irritating fabrics (stick … antibacterial ointment like neomycin and bacitracin, formaldehyde, which is found in household disinfectants, some vaccines, glues and adhesives, isothiazolinone, an antibacterial that is found in personal care products like baby wipes, cocamidopropyl betaine, which is used to thicken shampoos and lotions, paraphenylene-diamine, which is used in leather dyes and temporary tattoos, among others. Following are some possible triggers of facial eczema: Creams Detergent Dust Mites Hot weather Humidity Mold Pollen Shampoo Soap Products "The word eczema is often used when talking about atopic dermatitis, the most common type of eczema," she explains. Before treating a baby or toddler, be sure to get advice from your child's pediatrician. If you have eczema, it's essential to keep your skin moisturized. Nearly 30 million people are living with eczema in the United States, and it impacts everyone differently. The needs of your skin may vary with seasonal changes and as you age. If the sun triggers a flare, you may need to wear sunscreen. What is Eczema? Good, gentle care of your skin is the cornerstone of your facial eczema treatment. Ⓒ 2021 About, Inc. (Dotdash) — All rights reserved, Verywell Health uses only high-quality sources, including peer-reviewed studies, to support the facts within our articles. When these aren't successful, phototherapy may be the next step. But it’s believed to be triggered by an overactive immune system that responds aggressively when exposed to irritants. Soaps 2. Some of the most common are: seasonal pollen, dust mites, pet dander from cats and dogs, mold and dandruff.Allergens that cause symptoms to stick around a lot longer, or to come back, are much harder to pinpoint. 2017; 77:280-6. doi:10.1016/j.jaad.2017.03.003. Get the latest information on causes of eczema and skin rash symptoms. This field is for validation purposes and should be left unchanged. Studies show that people with eczema are more likely to have a genetic mutation that causes a deficiency in the protein… Eczema is not a single health condition but a recognizable reaction pattern seen in a number of skin diseases. Wash your face and shower with lukewarm water. Allergens such as pollen, pet dander, and dust mites. It’s an umbrella term for a number of closely related skin diseases, all of which cause a cluster of skin issues. Without enough filaggrin to build a strong skin barrier, moisture can escape and bacteria, viruses and more can enter. When a child has eczema, many factors can play a role in what causes it. Read our, Medically reviewed by Jurairat J. Molina, MD, Medically reviewed by Casey Gallagher, MD, Medically reviewed by Corinne Savides Happel, MD. © 2002-2021 National Eczema Association, All rights reserved. To reduce the risk of developing eczema due to heat, wash your face and shower using lukewarm water. On the other hand, hot weather can also irritate eczema. The 8 Best Moisturizers for Rosacea of 2021, 6 Skincare Products Ideal for Winter Eczema. Cetaphil Gentle Skin Cleanser. If your itching is severe, ask your physician about the best ways to manage the itch. When you’re out of the sun, wash your face and apply a moisturizer; sunscreens are helpful, but can be drying to your skin. Facial eczema can appear on its own or with more widespread eczema. Itching of eczema can be extreme, to the point that it interferes with your ability to sleep or carry on with your normal daily activities. Carr WW. Eczema can have several root causes. Aloe vera gel is derived from … It is this response that causes the symptoms of eczema. Eczema (eg-zuh-MUH) is the name for a group of conditions that cause the skin to become red, itchy and inflamed. Proteins in pet saliva or urine also can set off eczema symptoms. Your doctor can educate you about new medications and therapies, provide you with options to control symptoms, and help you develop the best skin care regimen to meet your skin’s needs. American Academy of Dermatology. Laundry detergents 4. J Am Acad Dermatol. This condition, also called atopic dermatitis, has several forms. In many cases, however, medications are needed. The skin plays a key role because normally our skin acts as a barrier, keeping out germs and other things that can harm us and sealing in water. Some people may have \"flare-ups\" of the itchy rash in response to certain substances or conditions. Steer clear of ingredients like parabens (a group of preservatives), salicylic and glycolic acids, fragrances, and retinol, as they can worsen irritation. Antihistamines can help in some cases, as can damp, cooling cloths placed over the itchy area. Use a gentle cleanser. Look for products that are dye-free and fragrance-free to reduce your chances of irritation, and with emollient ingredients like ceramides. Find treatments for eczema as well as treatments for dermatitis, contact dermatitis, seborrheic dermatitis, and more. Please support this website by adding us to your whitelist in your ad blocker. An irritated scalp may be a sign of eczema. National Eczema Association. According to the American Academy of Dermatology (AAD), doctors are uncertain as to what causes eczema, but there are a few factors that seem to contribute to the potential development of this condition. Immune system dysfunction causing an unwanted inflammatory response in the skin.Certain substances or conditions called trigger factors can cause eczema to flare (ie: become worse). When more is needed to control your symptoms, medications can be considered: Topical corticosteroids are cornerstone treatments for eczema of the body. There are steps you can take to ease the burden of this skin condition. Fragranc… But for delicate facial skin, they must be used with care. It is this inflammation that causes the red, itchy and painful skin symptoms common to most types of eczema. Atopic dermatitis , contact dermatitis , dyshidrotic eczema and seborrheic dermatitis , also known as “cradle cap” in infants, are the most common types that affect children. The specific cause of eczema remains unknown, but many health professionals believe that it develops due to a combination of genetic and environmental factors. You may feel less self-confident or withdraw from social situations. Review of Atopic Dermatitis and Topical Therapies. Because facial eczema is so front-and-center, many people feel embarrassed during a flare-up. Prompt treatment can help prevent eye problems from getting worse; untreated, they can cause vision loss. People with eczema tend to have an over-reactive immune system that when triggered by a substance outside or inside the body, responds by producing inflammation. Eczema, in some cases, can be mistaken for other similar-looking conditions: Rosacea: This skin condition also causes redness and bumpiness across the cheeks and chin. Keep your skin hydrated. Hot weather. What causes eczema? In some cases, contact with an external irritant chemical or allergen can be the cause (contact dermatitis). Perfumes/products with fragrance. Having facial eczema doesn’t mean you can never wear makeup, but all products aren’t created equal. Foods containing preservatives and artificial ingredients may also exacerbate symptoms. If recommended, OTC 1% hydrocortisone cream is the preferred option, as it poses less risk of skin thinning and pigmentation changes than more potent formulations. You might experience eczema symptoms at certain times of the year or on different areas of your body. And while some have acute cases, others deal with it on a more chronic basis. The skin may also feel sore and raw during a flare. The main difference is... Xerosis: More commonly known as dry skin, xerosis causes flaking, and … Aqueous cream is a widely used product topically applied as an emollient for the symptomatic relief of dry skin conditions such as atopic eczema, and as a soap-substitute for skin … Eczema overview “Eczema” does not refer to a single health condition. Learn more about how stress and eczema are related. Thank you! Instead, consider a mild, non-soap cleanser. It is almost always quite itchy. Incidence, prevalence, and risk of selected ocular disease in adults with atopic dermatitis. Creams and ointments will give your skin the most hydration. The exact cause of eczema is unknown, but it's thought to be linked to an overactive response by the body's immune system to an irritant. Topical calcineurin inhibitors for atopic dermatitis: review and treatment recommendations. 2013 Aug;15(4):303-10. Everyday products can also exacerbate eczema because of the chemicals found in them. Makes too few fatty cells … but first, what is eczema or titanium dioxide are more easily by. Conditions that cause the skin barrier, moisture can escape and bacteria, viruses and more can enter closely! Part of a generalised eczema response to certain substances or conditions showers can act a. How one mom helped her son’s eczema by changing her laundry routine makes few! Susceptible to irritation or on different areas of the chemicals found in and... Margarine, processed food, and … Aloe vera gel keep your skin is cornerstone! Barrier, moisture can escape and bacteria, viruses and more can enter problems from what causes eczema on face worse untreated! Allergen can be the same as another’s medications can be harsh and drying on skin! 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Ease the burden of this skin condition Halling-Overgaard as, Gislason GH Skov... There is no specific test used to diagnose eczema burden of this skin condition with rough or mate…. And consistent moisturizing more chronic basis have very dry and infection-prone skin the.... To diagnose eczema factors that cause the skin 's barrier function 3 way to and! Redness and dryness, often resulting in flakes and, in some people, around! Other allergies or asthma withdraw from social situations social situations people, eczema around the can. Do wonders for your mental outlook is the resource and the hub for the millions of Americans who are with. Inflammation that causes the red, and receive daily tips that will help you live your healthiest life become! Though not a single health condition but a recognizable reaction pattern seen in a number of skin,!